Great OSX Apps '04At work, I manage an unwieldy number of
Windows machines, a growing number of Linux machines, and an aging
number of Sun machines. I also look after a handful of Macs running a
mix of OS9 and Jaguar. At home I have a Windows machine and two Linux
My main system these days is an iBook 700 that I bought in
February. I bought it with the full intention of primarily running
Debian on it. While I do use both Linux and Mac OS9 occasionally, I
keep finding myself coming back to Mac OSX. It's not perfect, far from
it in fact, but it is surprisingly good.
As I understand it, my
iBook was the last model to ship with both Mac OS 9 and OSX. It shipped
with 9.2.2 and 10.2 respectively. At the time of writing, Mac OS 10.3
(Panther) is less than a week away.
While reading through a
complimentary Mac magazine, it struck me that most Macintosh
publications focus on commercial applications, while very rarely
shedding any light on the bevy of top-notch free and Open Source
applications for the Mac.
Unless otherwise marked, all software
is Open Source. (Usually GPL or BSD.) Titles marked with a single star
(*) are free, but not open. Software marked with two stars (**) are not
free, but have a free trial version.
This is a full-featured Open Source Java IDE that was originally
donated by IBM. The IDE runs on Linux, Solaris, QNX, Windows and Mac
OSX. It offers excellent code refactoring, completion, syntax
highlighting, powerful debugging tools and excellent CVS integration.
It is also the cornerstone of IBM's WebSphere product, so there are
many third-party open and closed source extensions that offer UML
integration, support for other programming languages and more.
Eclipse under Windows and Linux to do my honours project, Cyberscape. I
am now using it on OSX for the Mac port. A word of caution: This is a
major application and does take a while to start up.
is a neat Open Source Java IDE that was written by professors as a
teaching tool. It seems to be visually driven. I haven't spent a lot of
time with it, but it is an interesting project.
SubEthaEdit (formerly Hydra) is a top-notch file editor written by some
CS students in Germany. While it is a good text editor on its own
merits, it really shines when it is used in conjunction with Apple's
Rendezvous and is used to edit a single file simultaneously with
multiple users. This makes it a natural for Extreme Programming.
Another nice HTML source editor that offers live previews via WebCore (Safari's rendering engine.)
Mozilla is the Open Source version of Netscape. No, don't let that
scare you off, Mozilla is actually absolutely fabulous. See, what
happened was in 1998 Netscape decided that the best way to compete with
Microsoft was to go Open Source. Their problem was that by the time it
was finished, the first Browser War had been lost for several years,
with Netscape being sold off to AOL/TimeWarner in the process. But
don't let this fool you, Mozilla is no slouch. While MS has been
rightfully resting on its laurels, Mozilla has assembled a world-class
product. The Mozilla rendering engine is largely considered to be the
best, most standards-compliant and progressive HTML engine in the
world, their Mail client supports multiple POP3 and IMAP accounts, and
the WYSIWYG HTML editor, Composer, produces the cleanest HTML that I've
seen from such a tool. On top of this, true to Open Source nature,
additions such as an IRC client, DOM inspector and JS debugger are now
included. This is basically Netscape 7.1 without all of the AOL
garbage. It's a top-notch web suite that is available on Windows, Mac,
Linux, Solaris and just about every other platform out there. It's
almost as widely ported as gcc, certainly more so than Java.
Camino is just the web. It uses Mozilla's rendering engine, so it
renders things better than any other MacOS browser out there. Until
Apple's own KHTML-based Safari burst on the scene, Camino was gaining a
large user-base. It offers a much better web experience than IE, but is
lighter than Mozilla. Also, Mozilla, being very cross-platform, tends
to behave differently than other Mac apps. Like Safari, Camino fells
like an Apple app. It's rather unfortunate for Camino that Safari
exists. Since Safari's release, Camino development has slowed down
significantly. However, may the best (open) browser win.
One of the things I missed from Linux (okay, KDE) was it's ability to
transfer files drag'n'drop-style over FTP, SMB, NFS, SSH (SFTP) and
other protocols. While OSX understands SMB, NFS and FTP, SSH/SFTP was
really what I needed. RBrowser exists, but not only is it a little
pricey, their licensing is very strange, either tying the license to a
specific IP address or machine. Fugu offers SFTP/SSH copying and Open
Source as well as free.
VNC is a protocol that lets you use computers remotely over a network
connection. Servers exist for Windows, Linux, Unix and Mac. Client
software is available for the above as well as BeOS, Java and more.
While it's not the most secure protocol in the world, it can be
tunneled over SSH. It's availability on so many platforms makes it a
very hand tool. You can use this to both share your Mac desktop on
other machines, as well as for connecting to remote Linux and Windows
Acquisition ** These are
both peer-to-peer file sharing programs. Limewire is written in Java
and is available on Windows and Linux as well, Acquisition is a native
Cocoa app, so behaves the way it should. LimeWire is Open Source, while
Acquisition is free to use and $15 to register.
Office suites on Mac OSX are a real sore point. It seems that many Mac
folk use OSX as a way to avoid Microsoft as much as humanly possible.
They do get to ditch Windows, but are more often than not once again
stuck with Microsoft Office as their best office suite choice. Now, to
be fair to Microsoft, Office X.v (the Mac version shipping at the time
of writing) is actually quite good. However, it's still from Microsoft,
it still keeps people locked into MS file formats, and despite many
reports to the contrary, it's import filters are not 100% the same as
the Windows version of the software.
Enter OpenOffice.org. (OOo) It
is the GPL'd version of Sun's StarOffice product. It directly competes
with Microsoft Office. For the first time in years, MS Office's
stranglehold on the productivity market is being challenged. This time,
the competition might actually have a chance. OpenOffice is free, open
source, and available for Windows, Linux, Solaris, OS/2, and to a
lesser degree, the Mac. For over a year now, a version has been
available for the Mac. Based on 1.0, the Mac version requires X11 to be
installed, and doesn't work or look like a real Mac app. It doesn't
integrate with the finder, it's very slow, it doesn't use OSX's fonts.
In short, it's a rather rushed port. And it is! Amazingly, there are
barely any developers actively working on the Mac port. So, while many
Mac users would rather avoid using Microsoft Office, most Mac developers don't seem to care. This lack of interest has lead to the creation of NeoOffice.
The people at NeoOffice.org
are working on two parallel OOo ports. The first, NeoOffice, attempts
to port OOo to Aqua. It seems to have stagnated, but the very promising
NeoOffice/J is rapidly approaching 1.0!
replaces the dependency on X with a dependency on Java, which is
treated as a native toolkit in OSX. NeoOffice/J may not look like an
Aqua app yet, but it does integrate nicely with the Apple's excellent
anti-aliased fonts and can use OSX's copy and paste. It takes a good 30
seconds to launch on my G3 iBook 700/640MB RAM but once it's up and
running it is quite fast. I recently removed the OOo X11 port from my
machine, as NeoOffice/J works more consistently for me.
is based on OOo 1.0 but it's still much better than nothing, not to
mention much better than the X11 port. It's very easily installed with
a DMG file and the standard Apple installer, once installed it behaves
like any other OSX app, setting up the MIME types properly, etc. This
means that you can use it to open OpenOffice or MS Office files from
the Finder, the Mail.app and other OSX applications.
also hooks into Apple's native printing system, bypassing altogether
OpenOffice's confusing printer setup. By using Apple's printing system,
you can easily make PDF files of your documents.
0.82 in the Mac lab here at work, as we didn't purchase MSO with the
machines and students were trying to open PPT lectures. Anyway, I'd
take NeoOffice/J over AppleWorks any day of the week. I even prefer it
to MS Office on OSX. (Sorry, it may look Aqua-ish, but it's an odd duck
PhaderX is a very cool text editor that was developed as a Cocoa
playground. I'm actually using it right now to type this up. It saves
files as RTF, and offers in-line spell checking and font tools. I use
it as a very lightweight word processor. It's free, but hasn't been
updated in over a year. It seems as though development has ceased,
which is too bad. It's a really nice little editor.
RagTime Solo is a publishing tool that can be used as a word processor.
The commercial version is pricey, but they let individuals use it for
free. It seems like a very complex, feature-rich app. I haven't used it
A capable vector-drawing tool. The free version limits the number of
objects you can use, but it is still very useful. It's sort of like
Visio, Kivio or Dia.
A pager for the Mac! Finally! Okay, so there were others, but this one
is MUCH better. A pager lets you flip between multiple virtual
desktops. This is a feature that is built into just about every
graphical Unix/Linux environment out there. It's so useful that I miss
it whenever working on a Windows or Mac machine. (Utilities exist on
DesktopManager just sits in the top menu bar of OSX.
You can easily flip between desktops using the mouse or keyboard
shortcuts. As soon as an option for putting an app on all desktops
exists it will be perfect, in the mean time, it's still the best option
iTerm is a great Console replacement. I'm glad that OSX actually
provides a terminal app, but it falls far short of what I am used to in
Linux. iTerm has all the niceties that I have come to expect. Chief
among these are tabs. If you need more than a couple of terminal
windows open then tabs are the way to go. iTerm is an Open Source
Fink is a massive Open Source project. From their website, "he Fink
project wants to bring the full world of Unix Open Source software to
Darwin and Mac OS X. We modify Unix software so that it compiles and
runs on Mac OS X ("port" it) and make it available for download as a
coherent distribution. Fink uses Debian tools like dpkg and apt-get to
provide powerful binary package management. You can choose whether you
want to download precompiled binary packages or build everything from
So far, Fink has brought many key applications to the OSX
fold. These include, but are certainly not limitted to, Gnome, KDE,
Gimp, Gnumeric and countless others.
RPMinator, as it's name suggests, lets you easily view RPM files in
OSX. As I mentioned, I use/dual-boot Linux. RPMs are a fact of life for
me, it's very handy to be able to pull out files I need from Linux
packages. It's free, it's Open Source, it's very useful.
This program is an excellent and free utility for backing up and
cloning Mac OSX hard drives. It's trivially easy to use, even better
than Norton Ghost. It lets you backup live systems. I use this program
to back up my hard drive and also used it with the Mac's Firewire
target mode to clone systems. It's a fabulous piece of software.
Audacity is a surprisingly capable multi-track eridor/recorder. It
started life as a Linux app and uses wxWindows as the toolkit. Because
of this, the port to both Windows and MacOSX was trivial. It looks and
feels like a perfectly native app. I use it all the time on both
Windows and Mac. Sadly, I can never seem to get it working properly in
Linux. Go figure. Anyway, if you need a nice little audio
recorder/editor with simple effects, Audacity is the ticket! Think of
it as SoundForge Lite. The price is right! (It also supports VST
plugins, but I've never needed anything beyond what it comes with.) It
can import and export Aiff, Wav and MP3 files. Probably many other file
types too, but that's all I've ever needed.
A clever person has taken both Gimp 1.2 and Gimp 2.0 and has turned
them into self-contained packages with a nice wrapper. This port uses
X11, which is too bad, I guess, but The Gimp looks and behaves as
natively as it can. Anyway, it's an awesome bitmap editor. Personally,
I prefer it to Photoshop. It may not be a serious contender for some
folks, but it's more powerful than I've ever needed. There's more info
If you've ever needed something a bit more sophisticated than Apple's
built-in burning but don't want to shell out the dough for Toast,
YuBurner may be for you. it's simple, it's small, it works.
VLC and MPlayer are media players originally written for Linux. Both
have been ported (natively) to OSX. Think of them as advanced QuickTime
players able to handle almost any codec you throw at them. Both are
slightly better at handling various video/audio files. I use them both
quite a bit. If I had to pick one it would probably be VLC, but both
are great, Open Source and Free.
Games GLTron is an OpenGL-accelerated version of the Light Cycle game from Tron. Very fun.
A fun tetris-like puzzle game with great graphics.
It's not Open Source, but it is free! Solitaire for the Mac.
EV Nova is one of the most addictive games that I have played in a long
time. It's not Free or Open, but the demo is quite long. It's a very
open-ended space trading game. I liked it enough to register. That's
saying a lot for me, I usually cap out at $15CDN for a game.